Why do we laugh? New study suggests it could be a survival strategy : ScienceAlert

A woman in labor is having a terrible time and suddenly screams: “Don’t want! No! No! No! Can’t!”

“Don’t worry,” says the doctor. “These are just contractions.”

So far, many principles Tried to explain what’s something funny to make us laugh. These include guilt (something taboo), arrogance or superiority (joke), and dissonance – the presence of two incompatible meanings in the same situation.

I decided to review all the literature available on laughter and humor published in English over the past 10 years to see if any other conclusions could be drawn.

After viewing over 100 papers, my study Constructed a new possible explanation: Laughter is a tool that nature has provided to help us survive.

I looked at research papers on theories of humor that provided important information on three areas: the physical characteristics of laughter, the brain centers related to producing laughter, and the health benefits of laughter.

This amounted to over 150 letters that provided evidence of important characteristics of situations that make humans laugh.

By organizing all the principles into specific areas, I was able to summarize the laughing process into three main stages: panic, resolution, and a potentially clear signal, as I’ll explain.

This raises the possibility that laughter may have been preserved. natural selection In the last millennium to help humans survive. It may also explain why we are attracted to people who make us laugh.

development of laughter

The dissonance theory is good at explaining humor-induced laughter, but it is not enough.

In this case, laughing isn’t about being out of step or inconsistent, about a broader sense of things. It’s about finding ourselves in a specific situation that defies our expectations of normality.

For example, if we see a tiger walking down a city street, it might seem incongruous, but it’s not comical—on the contrary, it would be terrifying. But it becomes comical if the tiger rolls itself like a ball.

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Animated anti-hero Homer Simpson makes us laugh when he falls from the roof of his house and bounces like a ball, or when he attempts to ‘throttle’ his son Bart, eyes twitching and tongue flapping As if it were made of rubber.

These are examples of human experience shifting to an exaggerated, cartoonish version of the world where anything – especially ridiculous – can happen.

But to be funny, the event must also be considered harmless. We laugh because we accept that Tiger or Homer never effectively hurt others, nor hurt themselves, because essentially their world is not real.

So we can take laughter back to a three-step process. First, it requires a situation that seems awkward and creates a sense of dissonance (panic or nervousness).

Second, the anxiety or tension that the inconsistent situation has provoked must be acted upon and overcome (sankalpa). Third, the actual release of laughter serves as a clear siren to alert the audience (relief) that they are safe.

Laughter may well be a sign that people have been using for millennia to show others that a fight or flight response is not required and that The perceived threat has passed,

That’s why laughter is often contagious: it unites us, makes us more sociable, signals the end of fear or anxiety. Laughter is an affirmation of life.

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We can translate this directly to the 1936 film modern timesWhere Charlie Chaplin’s comic Trump character obsessively fixes bolts like a robot instead of a man in a factory.

It makes us laugh because we unconsciously want to show others that the disturbing spectacle of a man turning into a robot is a fantasy. He is a human, not a machine. There is no cause for alarm.

how humor can be effective

Similarly, the joke at the beginning of this article begins with a scene from normal life, then turns into something strange and shocking (a woman behaving incoherently), but what we eventually realize is not serious and not really. is very comical (the double meaning is relieved by the doctor’s reaction), triggering laughter.

As I a. shown in earlier studies Regarding the human behavior of crying, laughter is of great importance to the physiology of our body.

Like crying – and chewing, breathing or walking – laughter is a rhythmic behavior that is a releasing mechanism for the body.

The brain centers that control laughter are those that control emotions, fear, and anxiety. The release of laughter breaks up the tension or tension of a situation and fills the body with relief.

Humor is often used in a hospital setting to help patients with their treatment, such as clown medical study have shown.

can also joke Improve blood pressure and immune defensesand help overcome anxiety and depression,

research The investigation in my review also showed that humor is important in teaching, and is used to emphasize concepts and ideas.

The humor related to the course material maintains focus and creates a more relaxed and productive learning environment. In a learning setting, humor also reduces anxiety, increases participation and increases motivation.

love and laughter

Reviewing this data on laughter also allows for a hypothesis as to why people fall in love with someone because “they make me laugh”. It’s not just about being funny. It could be something more complicated.

If someone else’s laughter incites us, that person is signaling that we can relax, that we are safe – and that builds trust.

If our laughter is triggered by their jokes, it prompts us to overcome the fear caused by some strange or unfamiliar situation. And if someone’s ability to be funny drives us to overcome our fears, we are more attracted to them. This may explain why we worship those who make us laugh.

Of course, in today’s time we never think twice about laughing. We enjoy it simply as an uplifting experience and for the sense of well-being it brings.

From an evolutionary point of view, this human behavior may have served an important function in terms of threat awareness and self-preservation.

Even now, if we have a brush of danger, afterward we often react with laughter because of a sense of relief.Conversation

Carlo Valerio BellianiProfessor of Pediatrics, University of Siena,

This article is republished from Conversation Under Creative Commons license. read the original article,

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