The Solar System’s most massive planet, Jupiter, will be closest to Earth for 59 years on September 26, even though the gas giant will be directly opposite the Sun as seen from Earth, an astronomical arrangement known as opposition. Is.
opposition is common Jupiterhappening every 13 months, and the planet and Earth Close contact once a year. the law that sees the earth in the middle Sunday And Jupiter rarely coincides with our closest approach to the giant planet, known as perigee. But on this occasion, there is a protest on 26th September and on 25th September there is a close look.
As a result, the gas giant planet will be unusually bright and large in the sky, providing a unique opportunity to observe its features. Jupiter should be in a prime position for skywatchers with binoculars or a small telescope for several days around the two milestones. Finding a site with higher altitude, dark skies and dry weather will improve the planet’s visibility.
“The views for the few days before and after Sept. 26 should be pretty good,” said Adam Kobelski, a research astrophysicist at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Alabama. NASA statement (opens in new tab), “So, take advantage of the good weather on either side of this date to see the outside MoonIt must be one of the brightest objects (if not) in the night sky.”
The planets of the Solar System revolve around the Sun in flat circles or ellipses rather than in perfect circles, so Earth and Jupiter cross paths at different distances.
While Earth takes about 365 days to orbit the Sun, Jupiter takes a more leisurely path around the star, completing one orbit every 4,333 Earth days, or 12 Earth years.
According to a NASA statement, during next week’s close approach, the NASA gas giant will be about 367 million miles (590 million kilometers) away from our planet. At its farthest, Jupiter is about 600 million miles (960 million km) from Earth. The last time Jupiter was so close to our planet – and the last time skywatchers could see it so big and bright in the sky – was in October 1963.
The favorable alignment means that some of Jupiter’s most attractive properties should be seen from Earth.
“With good binoculars, the banding — at least the central band — and three or four of the Galilean satellites should be visible,” Kobelsky said in the statement. “It is important to remember that Galileo observed these moons with 17th-century optics.”
Galilean Satellite Of Jupiter’s 79 moons known to date, four are the largest. Named Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto, these moons should be visible as bright dots on either side of the gas.
snowy moon europa Hides a vast ocean and has become the primary goal of investigating whether life might exist elsewhere in the Solar System. To this end, Europa Clipper will venture to the Jovian moon, the launch of which will take place no earlier than 2024. Europe will also launch the Jupiter Icy Moons spacecraft to explore three of the Galilean moons, with a launch target of April 2023.
Kobelsky said that astronomers using a larger, more powerful telescope should be able to observe Jupiter great red spotA storm that has pervaded the planet’s atmosphere for at least two centuries.
An estimated 10,000 miles (16,000 km) across, the Great Red Spot is considered the largest storm in the Solar System. gusts of wind between 270 mph (430 kph) and 425 mph (685 kph). Recent observations of the Great Red Spot by NASA’s Juno spacecraft indicated that the storm also has surprising depth. Already twice as wide as our planet, the storm is deep enough to reach from Earth’s sea level to sea level International Space Station,
However, Jupiter isn’t just attractive to backyard astronomers; Scientists believe that studying the behemoth could help explain how the solar system formed.